There is a noticeable lack of female directors in the In Competition (the twenty films competing for the Palme d'Or; generally films by established directors) program this year. Only one of the films had a female director, UN CHÂTEAU EN ITALIE (A CASTLE IN ITALY), directed by Valeria Bruni Tedeschi. While somewhat disheartening, it's not surprising given how few big name (even by film festival standards) female directors there are. If Jane Campion, Katherine Bigelow, Mira Nira, Andrea Arnold, or Deepa Mehta don't have a qualifying film, there aren't many female filmmakers who will make what is considered an extremely prestigious list. [Note that Sophia Coppola and Clarie Denis (1998s Chocolate), both of whom I would consider established female directors have films in the Un Certian Regard program.]

But there is some hope for the future, as female directors are better represented in programs that focus on up and coming, and innovative directors. I have listed them below:

Un Certain Regard (Films by young, up and coming talent as well as films considered innovative) - 18 films/8 female directors

BENDS directed by Flora LAU
GRAND CENTRAL directed by Rebecca ZLOTOWSKI
LES SALAUDS (BASTARDS) directed by Claire DENIS
MIELE directed by Valeria GOLINO
SARAH PRÉFÈRE LA COURSE (SARAH PREFERS TO RUN) directed by Chloé ROBICHAUD
THE BLING RING directed by Sofia COPPOLA
TORE TANZT (NOTHING BAD CAN HAPPEN) directed by Katrin GEBBE
WAKOLDA directed by Lucía PUENZO

Out of Competion (Films the festival wants to recognize but not eligible for competition. Generally established directors.) - 7 Films/0 female directors

Special Screenings (per Wikipedia,"The selection committee chooses for these films an environment specially adapted to their particular identity." I have no idea what that means.)
8 Films/2* female directors

BOMBAY TALKIES directed by Zoya AKHTAR (*with 3 male directors)
OTDAT KONCI (BITE THE DUST) directed by Taisia IGUMENTSEVA

Cinéfondation (short and medium length films from film schools all over the world)
18 Films/7 female directors

ASUNCIÓN directed by Camila LUNA TOLEDO
BABAGA directed by Gan DE LANGE
DANSE MACABRE directed by Malgorzata RZANEK
EN ATTENDANT LE DÉGEL (Waiting for the Thaw) directed by Sarah HIRTT
NEEDLE directed by Anahita GHAZVINIZADEH
O ŠUNCE (HAM STORY) directed by Eliška CHYTKOVÁ
THE MAGNIFICENT LION BOY directed by Ana CARO

Short
9 films/2 female directors
OLENA directed by Elzbieta BENKOWSKA
OPHELIA directed by Annarita ZAMBRANO

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This isn't going to change Hollywood any time soon but it's good to see that the talent is out there, all over the world.

ETA: link to festival site http://www.festival-cannes.fr/en/archives/20… as well as fix published date to today.